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Francisco Del Rosario Sánchez (March 9, 1817 – July 4, 1861) was a politician and founding father of the Dominican Republic. He is considered by Dominicans as the second leader of the 1844 Dominican War of Independence, after Juan Pablo Duarte and before Ramón Matías Mella. The Order of Merit of Duarte, Sanchez and Mella is named in honor of these patriots. He was the son of Afro-Dominican parents, Narciso Sánchez and Olaya Del Rosario, who were not married at the time of his birth.
Sanchez traveled to the U.S. and Europe as a young man. His vision of the cause was the typical republican goal of the Age of Enlightenment. Duarte’s exile took place at the last and most crucial stage of the struggle. It is when Duarte was exiled and in hiding in Venezuela that Sánchez became the central presence in the Dominican revolt. This is why he is considered the “real” founding father of the Dominican Republic by many authors.Sánchez took the lead as the prime mover of the independence movement, maintaining contact with Duarte through his relatives.
While educated and having taught himself Latin and French later in life, he is mostly remembered as a man of action. In the proceedings that took place just before the proclamation of independence on February 27, 1844, Sánchez was elected by his peers in La Trinitaria as Commander in Arms and Chief of the Government Junta in the nascent republic. This was quite a recognition and testament to his virtues.After a brief period of turmoil and quick political succession, Pedro Santana exiled the main architects of the Independence. Sánchez spent four years in exile and was eventually pardoned. He returned to the Dominican Republic in time to see Santana invite Spain to re-occupy the country as colony. Sánchez defied this betrayal of the republican cause. He was captured by Santana’s forces and executed in 1861He is entombed in a beautiful mausoleum, Altar de la Patria, at the Count’s Gate (La Puerta del Conde) alongside Duarte and Mella, who at that spot fired the rifle shot that propelled them into legend.